Canadian Law Course Descriptions | Global Professional LLM (GPLLM) (2023)

Global Professional Master of Laws in Canadian Law in a Global Context

*Please note that not all courses will necessarily be available every year.

LAW4060H Advanced Criminal Law: Financial Crime in Global Context -Andrew MathesonandTyler Hodgson

In Canada and around the globe, financial crime is increasingly pervasive, complex and cross-border in nature. In response, companies are aiming to improve their policies, procedures and internal investigations to meet global as well as domestic standards. Authorities are more frequently cooperating across borders and asserting jurisdiction with extraterritorial effect. While extraterritorial jurisdiction over offences such as war crimes and human trafficking is clear, the authority to investigate and prosecute financial crimes with extraterritorial connections is more complex, factually and legally.

(Video) GPLLM panel - "What is the GPLLM" - Dean Edward Iacobucci

Thiscoursebuilds on GPLLM Canadian Criminal Law, with a focus on financial crimes – how they are defined, detected, investigated, and prosecuted, including key evidentiary and constitutional issues that arise. In addition, thecourseemphasizes global context, from the standpoint of corporate compliance and investigations, as well as cooperation between law enforcement agencies and initiatives by international organizations, such as the OECD and the World Bank. Important differences between the laws of Canada and of other jurisdictions will be examined, such as differences in the protection against self-incrimination and double jeopardy in Canada and in the United States.

Prior knowledge of financial crime and/or international enforcement is not a prerequisite.

LAW4024H Applied Legal Research and Writing -Patrick Hartford andDanielle Murynka

This course introduces students to the way lawyers read, write, analyze, and frame legal arguments. Students will conduct basic legal research and write objective legal analyses. Students learn research and writing skills by participating in class discussions, working together on in-class exercises, and writing legal documents.

LAW4023H Business Organizations -Mark SurchinandMatt Prager

This course examines the fundamental principles as well as the rules governing business organizations. Students will be introduced to the three most common forms of organization through which business activity is carried on, including proprietorships, partnerships and corporations of various kinds, and the contracts between the forms of companies, partnerships and proprietorships. The purpose of the course is to provide students with an understanding of the basic principles of corporate law in light of the current statutory regimes and evolving case law. Particular emphasis will be placed on the duties and responsibilities of directors and officers, and their relationship to the shareholders.

LAW4007H Canadian Administrative Law -David Goodis,Prof. Richard Stacey

Administrative law is the body of law regulating the ways in which government operates. It is about the rules and limits that apply to not only the operations of the Crown, Cabinets, Ministers, government departments, and municipal corporations but also the various administrative tribunals and agencies deployed by governments for the carrying out of governmental functions of all kinds. It is concerned with the procedures by which all these various instruments of government operate, the jurisdictional and substantive limits on their mandates, and the remedial structures that exist to ensure that decision-makers of various kinds act in accordance with the rule of law. As well, throughout the course, students are encouraged to reflect upon the divide between public law and private law and, in particular, the circumstances under which governmental authorities of various kinds or in various capacities are subject not to the special regime of administrative law principles and remedies but to the private law rules of contract, tort, restitution and the like.

(Video) GPLLM Alumni Panel Event: Canadian Law

LAW4008H Canadian Constitutional Law -Candice Telfer&JusticeMichael Doi,Teacher. Nathalie Des Rosiers

This course addresses the nature and sources of the Constitution, the distribution of legislative powers, principles of interpretation, specific powers (including property and civil rights, trade and commerce, peace, order and good government, and criminal law), and the rights and freedoms outlined in the Canadian Constitution, including freedom of expression, freedom of conscience and religion, life, liberty and security of the person, equality rights, language rights, and Aboriginal rights.

LAW4009HCanadian Criminal Law -Prof. Malcolm ThorburnandJustice Rita Maxwell

This course will examine essential aspects of criminal law, including sources and types of offences, elements of offences and particular issues such as intention, knowledge, consent, causation, and omissions. Other topics to be addressed will include extensions of criminal liability such as aiding and abetting, counselling, attempts and corporate liability, and defences such as mental disorder, intoxication, necessity, duress, provocation and entrapment. Finally, the course will consider issues relating to the criminal justice process, sentencing and appeals.

LAW4022HContract Law -Prof. Michael Pratt

This course examines the enforcement of promises and agreements. The matters considered include the requirements of enforceability, remedies for breach, the effect of contracts on third parties, the effect of writing, and excuses for non-performance. These excuses include unfairness, unexpected circumstances, and public policy.

LAW4067HEmployment Law -My Gregory

This course will examine the statutory and common law principles governing the relationships between individual employees and their employers in Canada. Labour law, while not a focus of the course, will be touched upon as part of the overall understanding of employment regimes. The course will also look at the intersection of employment law with human rights legislation, and will explore topical issues affecting Canadian employees.

LAW4051HEvidence Law -Prof. Malcolm Thorburn

This course provides an introduction to the basic principles of the law of evidence. Common law and statutory rules of evidence are analyzed in light of the adversary system, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and other social values. While both civil and criminal evidence issues are considered, the focus is on the admissibility of evidence in criminal cases. Topics to be covered may include: relevancy, testimonial competence, the rule against hearsay, opinion evidence, character evidence, privilege and related matters, confessions, and illegally obtained evidence.

(Video) GPLLM Panel - "Canada’s Top Law School" - Dean Edward Iacobucci

LAW4010HFoundations of Canadian Law (required) -Patrick Hartford andTyler Wentzell

The purpose of this course is to provide students with an introduction to and overview of Canada's legal system and the role of law in Canadian society. Topics considered will include the overarching legal framework, sources of legal authority, separation of powers, the role of international law, the nature and function of common law reasoning and judicial review, and selected issues relating to law and Aboriginal peoples.

LAW4064HNegotiation -TBD(not offered in 2022-2023)

Although most of us negotiate countless times every day, in both personal and work-related contexts, few of us ever sit back to analyze whether we negotiate well and whether we can improve our negotiation technique. Negotiation is a skill that can be learned and improved by practising and experimenting.

This will be a course in doing. Students will negotiate a number of hypothetical fact scenarios, and will analyze the results and techniques used. We will also have a number of classroom "exercises" designed to help improve negotiating skills. By the end of the course, we hope that students will be able to go into any negotiation confident that they have learned techniques that will consistently produce a "good" result. The theories taught in the course will be based on those in the bookGetting To Yesby Roger Fisher, William Ury and Bruce Patton (3rd edition). There will not be a lot of required outside reading.

LAW4017HProfessional Responsibility -Rebecca Durcan

This course examines the fundamental concepts of professional responsibility for members of the Canadian legal profession. While the regulation of lawyers in Canada is a matter of provincial jurisdiction, the course will use as national models the Federation of Law Societies of Canada’s Model Code of Professional Conduct and the Canadian Bar Association’s Code of Professional Conduct, which function as the national standards for professional legal conduct in Canada. Topics covered will include the legal landscape in Canada, the conduct and responsibilities of lawyers within that landscape, and how to identify and address professional issues that arise in practice.

LAW4020HProperty Law - Prof. Larissa Katz

This course is designed to teach the fundamental principles of the law affecting real property as applied in the common law jurisdictions in Canada. The course will introduce students to the concepts that lawyers use in dealing with competing interests in land, chattels and other forms of wealth. The concept of "property" is examined as are the concepts of possession and ownership, and the consequences flowing from these concepts. Adverse possession, finders, bailment, gift, estates, easements, appropriation of personality, and intellectual property are among the other topics which will be covered.

(Video) Global Professional LLM Breakfast Panel, May 2016

LAW4065HThe Emergence of LegalTech -Patrick Hartford

Technology is rapidly changing the practice of law. This course examines the emerging field ofLegalTechand focuses on the questions that new technologies raise for the delivery and regulation of legal service. The course will introduce students to the fundamentals of software development and deployment. Students will learn how different aspects of the legal profession are changing and adapting to technological change. Lastly, students will consider the role that technology might play in solving the current access to justice crisis.

LAW4021HTort Law -Prof. Christopher Essert

The law of torts deals with the sorts of disputes which arise when one person has caused injury or property loss to another. Different theoretical perspectives on tort law will be analyzed in the course and some consideration given to alternative methods of compensating for personal injuries.

LAW4066HTrial Advocacy -Sam RogersandEric Pellegrino

Please note that this course has a maximum enrollment of 40 students.

This course is designed to help students acquire basic skills in trial advocacy. Each class will include lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on exercises intended to allow participants to put the skills into practice. Topics covered will include opening and closing statements, examinations-in-chief, cross-examinations, introduction of documentary, real and demonstrative evidence, objections, and motions. 


What is Gpllm in Canada? ›

The Global Professional Master of Laws (GPLLM) is a graduate program at Canada's top law school that enables a diverse body of both lawyers and non-lawyers to learn with the country's leading legal minds.

What is the Global professional Master of Laws Canada? ›

The Global Professional Master of Laws (GPLLM) at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law is an innovative and transformative program designed to help you realize your professional potential through exposure to a robust legal education focused on the areas of law most salient to professionals.

Can you practice law in Canada with an LLM? ›

Note: Completing the Professional LLM in Canadian Common Law does not automatically entitle you to practice law in Canada or to be admitted to the Bar of a Canadian province or territory. Consult the NCA or your provincial/territorial law society for more information.

What is the Canadian law course in high school? ›

CLU3M online explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of rights and freedoms in Canada, our legal system, and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law.

Is it worth doing LLM in Canada? ›

Studying law in Canada will help you gain enough professional and legal knowledge and skills that will help boost your CV. You can easily find a part-time job that pays well or land a paid internship during your course to fund your studies.

What is the difference between a JD and LLM Canada? ›

The purpose of a JD is to prepare someone to practice law, while the mission of an LLM is to provide advanced training. An LLM program focuses on more theoretical concerns than a JD program. An LLM can help attorneys attract clients in fields where the credential is highly valued.

Is a master of laws the same as an LLM? ›

An LL. M. degree is designed for those who hold a J.D. degree. An MLS degree is designed for those who don't want to be a lawyer but need legal knowledge in their work.

Is LSAT required for LLM in Canada? ›

Eligibility Criteria for LLM in Canada

They should have a Bachelor's Degree to qualify for LLM. Furthermore, candidates must score at least 70%. Some universities ask their applicants to appear for GRE or LSAT.

Which is better LLM or MBA in Canada? ›

Career: One must choose LLM if they want to pursue a career in law or MBA if they want to seek a career in administration or management. Students who are interested in management should pursue an MBA, but in other situations, an LLM should be prioritized.

Can I practice law in Canada with a US degree? ›

In order to practise law in Canada you must have a qualifying law degree from Canada, or you must take a law degree outside Canada and then go through the process required by the National Committee on Accreditation. Osgoode Hall Law School offers a Juris Doctor program for those interested in pursuing a career in law.

Can I practice law in the US with a LLM? ›

Foreign trained lawyers who wish to remain in the United States and practice law here are advised to obtain the JD degree rather than the LLM degree. The JD degree will enable candidates to take the bar examination in every state while the LLM degree may qualify them only to take the bar exam in a few states.

What is the salary of LLM in Canada? ›

The salary for an LLM graduate in Canada ranges from 60,000 CAD to 100,000 CAD (37 lakhs-61 lakhs INR) per year, depending on the job role, location, and level of experience.

Is the LSAT the same in Canada and US? ›

Is the LSAT the same in Canada and the United States? Yes. The LSAT is an US based exam administered by LSAC and they offer exactly the same test around the world.

Is Canada getting rid of the LSAT? ›

Canadian law schools likely to keep LSAT requirement despite Harvard move to drop it.

How hard is Canadian law school? ›

Law school in Canada is tough to get into, due to the limited number of schools and open seats, and the rigorous admission requirements. The average acceptance rate for Canadian law schools is around 11.4%.

Is an LLM prestigious? ›

While an LL. M. can be a prestigious credential for some attorneys, it is not a panacea, even in a poor economy, for recent law school graduates with little to no work experience in that practice area. The most notable exception to this is in the tax arena.

How long does it take to complete LLM in Canada? ›

Studying LLM in Canada is a 1 to 2 years course that would allow candidates an opportunity to develop a range of skills and explore many aspects of human life as part of their programme.

How do I become a lawyer after an LLM in Canada? ›

After successfully passing the LSAT, students then need to attend one of the 17 Common Law Schools in Canada and undertake the three year JD program. This process is slightly different if they wish to practice in Quebec, as in this case they need to complete a Civil Law course at a law school in Quebec.

What can you do with an LLM in Canada? ›

An LLM could help you land a job in academia, or a career with a large firm practising in your chosen area of the law. You could do both. Either way, having an LLM will never disadvantage your legal career. Besides, what's wrong with adding a few letters to your credentials?

What is the highest degree in law in Canada? ›

The J.D. designation is common in the United States, where students must complete an undergraduate degree before attending law school. Meanwhile, the LL. B. designation has reigned supreme in Canada and other Commonwealth countries such as Britain.

What is a Masters of Law called Canada? ›

Overview. The Masters of Law Common Law (LLM CL) Program is a year-long, course-based professional program that provides foundational training in the Canadian common law system for foreign trained law graduates.

What is higher than a LLM? ›

While obtaining a Juris Doctor (JD) is the most common way to practice law, there are other degrees — including Master of Laws (LLM) and Master of Studies in Law (MSL) — available to those interested in the field.

What is higher than LLM degree? ›

Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD)

A Doctor of Juridical Science degree is considered the highest level of a law degree and is designed for professionals who are looking to gain an advanced legal education after earning their JD and LLM.

Is Master of law higher than juris doctor? ›

From a career perspective

A J.D. degree prepares students to pass the exams they need to become lawyers or judges, while the M.A. in Law focuses on more specialized areas of business, nonprofit, or government jobs that do not require taking the bar exam.

Which country is best for LLM? ›

Top 10 Foreign LLM Colleges
  • Harvard University, USA.
  • University of Oxford, UK.
  • Stanford University, USA.
  • University of Cambridge, UK.
  • University of Melbourne, Australia.
  • University of Toronto, Canada.
  • University of California(UCLA), USA.
  • McGill University, Canada.

Why Masters in USA is better than Canada? ›

US vs Canada for MS: Quality Education

The first factor to consider in deciding Canada vs USA for masters is comparing the quality of education. The US is world renowned for its quality of education. This makes it one of the most preferred destinations for MS abroad, especially for the STEM fields.

Is Masters in Canada cheaper than USA? ›

Fees and Cost of Living

The cost of education in universities in USA is on the higher side, with graduate students paying around USD 20,000- USD 65,000 per year. On the other hand, the expense of studying in Canada is significantly lower, at around CAD 20,000- CAD 30,000 per year.

Is Canada better than US for Masters? ›

Quality of Life in USA and Canada

Considering all the parameters mentioned above, both Canada and the USA stand out among all other countries in the world in terms of quality of education, tuition, programmes, scholarships and post-study work permit. However,MS from Canada would cost you way less than MS from the USA.

How much money do lawyers make in Canada? ›

Lawyer Salary in Canada per Month - $8,000 to $10,000

Lawyer salaries are reported annually in Canada.

How hard is the bar exam Canada? ›

The Ontario Bar Exams might not have the same notorious reputation as the New York Bar, but they are not easy. However, with some help, some strategizing, and some deep breathing, you can and will pass the rewrite.

What are lawyers called in Canada? ›

All Canadian lawyers can call themselves both “barristers and solicitors”, although many define their practices as either one or the other. A barrister is a litigator, i.e. a courtroom lawyer. Traditionally, the Bar was the place in a courtroom where counsel stood to address the court.

What is LLM equivalent to in USA? ›

LLM in USA is an abbreviation of Legum Megister (a Latin word) which means Master of Law. Students are required to complete at least 24 units while studying in the USA.

What is the salary of LLM in USA? ›

Juris Doctor (JD), Master of Jurisprudence, or Master of Law (LLM) Jobs by Salary
Job TitleRangeAverage
Corporate CounselRange:$96k - $214kAverage:$149,192
Law Firm PartnerRange:$125k - $408kAverage:$228,001
Associate General CounselRange:$99k - $241kAverage:$155,936
Senior CounselRange:$122k - $236kAverage:$175,314
3 more rows

What is the salary after LLM in USA? ›

LLM students in the United States have many career opportunities. Even one can continue law practice in the US without any discrimination in the law firms or the home country. Entry-level salary is around 58,000 to 70,000 USD annually in law firms. They can earn up to 96,200 USD or Rs 57 lakh per annum.

How much does an LLM from Harvard make? ›

Employees who graduate from Harvard Law School earn an average of $154k, mostly ranging from $129k per year to $426k per year based on 30 profiles. The top 10% of employees earn more than $210k per year.

What is the highest salary after LLM? ›

The average salary package for LLM graduates ranges from INR 8 -15 LPA based on the job role and sector of work. LLM graduates can even venture into freelance legal practice apart from corporate tie-ups and take up pro-bono.

Is 164 a good LSAT score Canada? ›

On average, T-14 schools require an LSAT that is in the range between 166 (25th percentile) and 172 (75th percentile score).

What LSAT score do I need Canada? ›

LSAT scores

Your LSAT score can range from 120-180. Most schools don't require that you earn a minimum LSAT score, but some may tell you the average score of their successful applicants. For example, the University of Ottawa states that most of their successful applicants earned at least a score of 158.

Is LSAT Canada hard? ›

The LSAT Is A Very Challenging Exam

The reality is that the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is extremely difficult. It's designed to predict how well the brightest students across the world will fare in law school.

What GPA do you need for law school in Canada? ›

To be competitive in the admission process, you should have at least a B+ average (GPA of 3.5) in the top 2 years of your undergraduate degree program at a full course load and an LSAT score of at least 155.

How many times can you take the LSAT Canada? ›

How many times may I take the LSAT? Three times in a single testing year (the next testing cycle begins with the August 2022 test). Five times within the current and five past testing years (the period in which LSAC reports scores to law schools). A total of seven times over a lifetime.

What LSAT score do you need for University of Toronto? ›

We do not have a minimum LSAT score or GPA. The strongest applicants to the 2020-2021 program had LSAT scores starting at 160 and undergraduate GPAs starting at A-.

Is law school harder than med school? ›

In short, medical school is hands-on and requires a lot of memorization. Law school requires analytical work and critical thinking. Law school requires heavy reading and writing while medical school requires learning about problems through clinical studies and hands-on training.

What are the hardest years of law school? ›

Most students consider the first year of law school to be the most difficult. The material is more complex than they're used to and it must be learned rapidly. What's more, the way students are taught and tested is very different from high school or undergrad.

What is the average age for law school in Canada? ›

Future lawyers will need to be adept in managing data, she says. Ford says students often bring a wealth of pre-law school experience that will help them present a more rounded, multi-faceted skillset to potential employers. The average age of the school's intake students is 27, she points out.

What is the meaning of LLM in Canada? ›

The Queen's Master of Laws (LLM) degree is a nine- to twelve-month program that deepens students' legal knowledge and research skills with a view to further studies at the doctoral level or careers in research, policy work or legal practice.

What can you do with an LLM Canada? ›

An LLM could help you land a job in academia, or a career with a large firm practising in your chosen area of the law. You could do both. Either way, having an LLM will never disadvantage your legal career.

How long is a LLM program in Canada? ›

How long is LLM in Canada? LLM programs in Canada are usually 1-2 year long courses in Law and are offered in varied specialisations ranging from Business Law and Taxation to Criminal Law and Health Law, etc.

What is master of public policy degree in Canada? ›

The Master of Public Policy (MPP) is an intensive, full-time two-year professional program. Founded in 2006, it continues the University of Toronto's internationally recognized tradition of academic excellence and combines it with practical, real-world policy experience.

What is LLM called in USA? ›

An LLM is a Master of Law Degree. The full name, Legum Magister, is, like so many other aspects of the legal profession in the US, derived from Latin and literally means Master of Law.

Is LLM higher than JD? ›

A J.D. prepares someone to practice law, while an LLM provides advanced training. An LLM will provide you with advanced training in law, but it doesn't qualify you as a licensed lawyer. A JD prepares you for legal practice by teaching you everything you need to pass the bar exam and be an effective lawyer.

Can LLM work in USA? ›

Where Our Graduates Work. Most graduates work in private practice at law firms around the world, including many of the leading law firms globally. Each year, approximately 15 - 25% of Foreign-Trained LLM students report obtaining positions in the US; both short-term and long-term and in the private and public sector.

What are the easiest LLM programs to get into Canada? ›

Based on admission data, the University of Windsor is the easiest law school to get into in Canada. Compared to other schools, the University of Windsor has the lowest accepted GPA and LSAT scores among its matriculants.

How valuable is a masters in public policy? ›

Professionals with a Master of Public Policy can work for someone in a political office, performing legislative analysis or working on campaign operations or public relations. In the private sector, public policy graduates can work for a business or corporation, handling government relations.

How useful is a masters in public policy? ›

A master's in public policy is a graduate degree that can prepare you for a variety of careers, primarily with government or nonprofit agencies. This education provides students with an extensive background in research, government, economics and data analysis.

Is Masters in public Affairs the same as public policy? ›

The MPP degree is a rigorous, focused, skills-oriented program geared toward students who want to pursue a career in policy analysis; in contrast, the MPA degree is broader in focus, building on students' prior professional experience and preparing them to lead and manage public service organizations.


1. GPLLM insight: Ovidiu Corbu - "Easy ... relevant"
2. GPLLM Panel - "Think Like a Lawyer" - Mark Wiseman
3. GPLLM panel - " Your Business Advantage" - Mark Wiseman
4. GPLLM insight: Rubal Bhadu - "You have time to do this"
5. GPLLM Alumni Panel Event: Business Law, Innovation Law & Technology
6. GPLLM Webinar: Breakfast with the Dean, "Why Law?"


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